Dogme 95 (1995 – 2005)

Dogme 95

From 1995 to 2005, a new way of making films, known as the Dogme filmmaking movement, was developed and widely accepted in the industry due to the recognition of the artist rather than the amount spent on special effects.

This movement was based upon the Vow of Chastity, which was a set of 10 strict guidelines on how a film was to be made, with the story being the most important aspect followed by the actor and his performance. Dogme was developed in Denmark by directors Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg, with Kristian Levring and Soren Kragh-Jacobsen later joining the movement.

These filmmakers had intended to take the essence of filmmaking back to its fundamentals and dispel complex processes of production. The first ‘vows’ they constructed and signed stemmed from Francois Truffaut’s ‘Une certaine tendance du cinéma français’ (1954), for this was a manifesto that wanted to bring back the notion of raw filmmaking in a way that challenged the traditional form of cinema and was influential for decades.

History of Dogme 95

Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg, the two founding members of Dogme 95, wrote and signed the manifesto and the so-called ‘vows’ within 45 minutes. The manifesto initially copied the style of François Truffaut’s 1954 essay “Une certaine tendance du cinéma français.

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